Some online resources on Lilit:


Lilith Bibliography:

Lilith: the First Eve by Siegmund Hurwitz.
The book is divided into two secions: a historical overview of the figure of Lilith and a Jungian analysis of the archetype she represents. The historical half is excellent, but the psychological interpretation is marred by his anti-feminist stance and a typical Jungian essentialist approach to gender. (Einsiedeln: Daimon Verlag, 1992.)

The Book of Lilith by Barbara Black Kotluv, PhD.
Jungian feminist interpretation of the Lilith legends. Fun and interesting to read, but rather shaky at times in terms of scholarship, although it's useful as modern thealogy of Lilith *if* you agree with her interpretations. (York Beach: Nicolas-Hays: Dist. by S. Weiser, 1986.)

The Hebrew Goddess by Raphael Patai.
Excellent resource for not only Lilith but other Hebrew goddesses as well, such as Asherah, Astarte, and the Maitronit. An excellent first source for those wanting to research Lilith because it is scholarly but not dry. (Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1990.)

Lilith's Cave by Howard Schwartz.
Fascinating collection of translations and adaptations of various Jewish folk stories, mostly centering on Lilith and other related figures (such as the Queen of Sheba, another form of Lilith, and Ashmodai). (San Francisco: Harper & Row, 1990.)

Abarbanel, Nitzah. Eve and Lilith [*Havah ve-Lilit*], Bene-Brak: Bar-Ilan University Press. 1994.

Cavendish, Richard Man, Myth, and Magic: The Illustrated Encyclopedia
of Mythology, Religion and the Unknown Vol. 6 New York,
Marshall Cavendish, 1983.

Edwards, Carolyn McVickar The Storyteller's Goddess: Tales of the
Goddess and Her Wisdom from Around the World San Francisco,
California, Harper, 1991.

Hurwitz, Siegmund Lilith: The First Eve Historical and Pyschological

Aspects of the Dark Feminine trans. by Gela Jacobson, Einsiedeln,
Switzerland, Daimon Verlag 1992.

Koltuv, Barbara Black, Ph.D. The Book of Lilith York Beach, Maine,
Nicolas-Hays, Inc. 1986.

Leach, Mark, Ed. Funk and Wagnalls Standard Dictionary of Folklore,
Mythology, and Legend. New York. Funk and Wagnalls, 1950.

Mircea, Eliade, ed, The Encyclopedia of Religion Vol 8, New York,
Macmillan Publishing, 1987.

Schwartz, Howard Lilith's Cave Jewish Tales of the Supernatural New
York, Oxford University Press, 1988.

Starck, Marcia and Stern, Gynne The Dark Goddess: Dancing with the
Shadow Freedom, California The Crossing Press, 1992.

Wolkstein, Diane and Kramer, Samuel Noah Inanna Queen of Heaven and
Earth: Her Stories and Hymns from Sumer New York, Harper and Row,

Ahrens, W. Hebräische Amulette mit magischen Zahlenquadraten. Berlin, 1916.

Bacher, Wilhelm. "Lilith, Königin von Smargad", Monatschrift für Geschichte und Wissenschaft des Judenstums 19 (1870): 187-189. Breslau.

Bailey, Lloyd R. Biblical Perspectives on Death. Overtures to Biblical Theology, 5, Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1979.

Baring, Anne & Cashford, Jules. The Myth of the Goddess: evolution of an image.

ondon: New York, N.Y., Arkana, 1993.

Baumgarten, Joseph M. Revue de Qumran (1992):

Boyle, Darl MacLeod, Where Lilith Dances. New Haven:Yale, 1971 (1921)
Bril, Jacques. Lilith, ou, La Mère Obscure. Paris: Payot, 1981.

Bitton, Michele. "Le mythe juif de Lilith [microform]: de la feminite demoniaque au feminisme." Doctoral dissertation (Universite de Provence, Aix en Provence), 1988.

Budge, E.A. Wallis. Amulets and Superstitions, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1930. [pp. 212-238, 283-4.]

Cantor, Aviva. "The Lilith Question." Lilith 1 (1976): (Also: In On Being a Jewish Feminist: A Reader, ed. Susannah Heschel. New York: Schocken Books, 1983.)

Cavendish, Richard. The Powers of Evil in Western Religion, Magic, and Folk Belief. New York: Putnam, 1975.

Chadourne, Marc. Dieu crea d'abord Lilith. Paris: Fayard, 1938.

Colonna, M. T.. Lilith e la luna nera e l'eros rifutato, Florence, 1980.

Colonna, M.T. "Lilith, or the Black Moon." Journal of Analytical Psychology, Oct 1980: 325-50.

Corelli, Marie. The Soul of Lilith. New York: Lovell, Coryell & Co., 1892.

Couchaux, Brigitte. "Lilith." In Brunel, Pierre, Dictionnaire des Myths Littéraires. Paris: Éditions du Rocher, 1988.

[English tr.: Companion to Literary Myths, Heroes and Archetypes, London and New York: Routledge, 1992].

Creuzer. Symbolik und Mythologie der alten Völker, besonders der Griechen, Leipzig and Darmstad, 1840/1. (reprinted: Hildesheim, Zürich and New York, 1990.)

Dan, Joseph. The Hebrew Story in the Middle Ages. Jerusalem, 1974.

---. "Samael, Lillith and the Concept of Evil in the Early Kabbalah". AJSreview 5 (1980): 17-40.

Dan, Joseph and Kiener, Ronald. "Treatise on the Left Emanation (by Isaac b. Jacob ha-Kohen". In The Early Kabbalah. New York: Paulist Press, 1986: 165-182.

Dijkstra, Bram. Idols of Perversity: Fantasies of Feminine Evil in Fin-de-JSiecle Culture. New York: Oxford U. Press, 1986.

Edwardes, Allen. The Jewel in the Lotus: A Historical Survey of the Sexual Culture of the East. New York: Julian Press, 1962.

Eisenstadt, J. D., ed. Ozar Midrashim. Israel, n.d.

" Lilith". Encyclopaedia Biblica eds. Cheyne & Sutherland, London, 1902.

Farber, Walter, ed. Schlaf, Kindchen, Schlaf! Mesopatamische Baby-Beschwörungen und -Rituale. Mesopotamian Civilizations, 2. Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 1989.
Farrar, Janet & Stewart. The Witches' Goddess: the feminine principle of divinity. London: Robert Hale, 1995.

Frankfort, Henri. "The Burney Relief." AfO 12 (1937). Pp. 128-35.

Gaster, Moses. "Beiträge zur vergleichende Sagen- und Märchenkunde. X. Lilith und die drei Angel", Monatschrift für Geschichte und Wissenschaft des Judenstum 29 (1880): 553-565. Breslau.

---. "Two Thousand Years of a Charm against the Child-Stealing Witch." Folk-Lore 11 (1900): 129-161.

---. Ma'aseh Book 2 vols. Philadelphia, 1934.

Gaster, Theodor Herzl. "A Canaanite Magical Text." Orientalia, 11. Rome: Pontificium Institutum Biblicum, 1942. Pp. 41-79.

---. The Dead Sea Scriptures, in English Translation. Garden City, NY: Anchor Press, 1976. Pp. 371-373, 504.

Geller, Markham J. "Eight Incantation Bowls." Orientalia lovaniensia periodica, 17. Leuven, Instituut voor Orientalistiek, 1986. Pp. 101-17.

Ginzberg, Louis. The Legends of the Jews. Translated by Henrietta Szold, Paul Radin and Boaz Cohen. Philadelphia: The Jewish Publication Society of America, 1909-1938. [I: 65; V: 87 ss, 147-8; VI: 289] (also: New York: Simon and Schuster, 1956.)

Gonzalo Rubio, Concepción. La angeología en la literatura ab ínica y sefardí, Barcelona: Ameller, 1977. [Pp. 25, 50-52, 54-55.]

Gordon, Cyrus H. "Aramaic Magical Bowls in the Istanbul and Bahgdad Museums." Archiv Orientální, 6 (1934): 319-34. Praha.

Gottleib, Rabbi Lynn. "The First Tale." In Taking the Fruit: Modern Women's Tales of the East, ed. Janes Sprague Zones. 17-21. San Diego: Woman's Institute for Continuing Jewish Education, 1989.

Gourmont, Remy de. Lilith suivi de Theodat. Paris: Societe du Mercure de France, 1906.

Gravelaine, Joelle de. Le retour de Lilith: la lune noire. Paris: L'Espace bleu/Hachette, 1985.

Graves, Robert. The Greek Myths. New York: Penguin Books, 1960.

Graves, Robert and Raphael Patai. Hebrew Myths: The Book of Genesis. Garden City: Doubleday, 1964.

[Spanish tr.: Los mitos hebreos. Tr. y Luis Echávarri. Madrid: Alianza, 1986.]
Gustafson, Fred. The Black Madonna. Boston: Sigo Press, 1990.

Handy, Lowell K. "Lilith". Anchor Bible Dictionary. New York: Doubleday, 1992. Vol. 4, p. 324f.

Heschel, Susannah, ed. On Being a Jewish Feminist: A Reader. New York: Schocken Books, 1983.

Hufford, David. The terror that comes in the night : an experience-centered study of supernatural assault traditions. Philadelphia : University of Pennsylvania Press, 1982.

Hurwitz, Siegmund. Lilith, die erste Eva: eine Studie uber dunkle Aspekte des Wieblichen. Zurich: Daimon Verlag, 1980, 1993.

[English tr.: Lilith, the First Eve: Historical and Psychological Aspects of the Dark Feminine. Translated by Gela Jacobson. Einsiedeln, Switzerland: Daimon Verlag, 1992.] [ISBN: 3-85630-545-9]

Isbell, Charles D. Corpus of the Aramaic Incantation Bowls. SBL Dissertation Series, No. 17, Missoula, MT: Scholars Press, 1975.

Killen, A. M. "La légende de Lilith", Revue de littérature comparée 12 (1932): 277-311.

Koltuv, Barbara Black. The Book of Lilith. York Beach, ME: Nicolas-Hays, 1986.
Kraeling, Emil Gottlieb Heinrich. "A Unique Babylonian Relief." BASOR, 67 (1937). Pp. 16-18.

Krämer, K. "Babylonisches Gut in syrischen Zaubertexten." Mitteilungen der Altorientalischen Gesellschaft 4 (1928/9): 110-4.

Kramer, Samuel Noah. "Gilgamesh and the Huluppu-Tree: A reconstructed Sumerian Text." Assyriological Studies of the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago 10. Chicago: 1938.

Krappe, A. H. "The Birth of Eve." In Occident and Orient: Gaster Anniversary Volume, ed. B. Schindler. 312-322. London: Taylor's Foreign Press, 1936.

Lacks, Roslyn. Women and Judaism: myth, history, and struggle. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1980.

Lambert, W. L. (G.?). "Inscribed Pazuzu Heads from Babylon." Forschungen und Berichte 10. Berlin: Akademie-Verlag, 1958. Pp. 41-47

Lassner, Jacob. Demonizing the Queen of Sheba. Boundaries of Gender and Culture in Postbiblical Judaism and Medieval Islam, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1993.

Levi, Israel. "Lilit et Lilin." REJ, 68 (1914):15-21.

Levi, Primo. Lilit e altri racconti, Turín, 1981.

[Spanish tr.: Lilit y otros relatos, Barcelona: Península, 1989]

Martinez, Florentino Garcia. The Dead Sea Scrolls Translated. 1996.

Matt, Daniel Chanan. Zohar: The Book of Enlightenment. New York: Paulist Press, 1983.

Meissner, Bruno. Babylonien und Assyrien. Heidelberg, C. Winter, 1920-25.
Milgrom, J. "Some Second Thoughts About Adam's First Wife." In Genesis 1-3 in the History of Exegesis, ed. G. Robbins. Lewiston, ME: Edwin Mellen, 1988.

Montgomery, James Alan. Aramaic incantation texts from Nippur. University of Pennsylvania. The Museum. Publications of the Babylonian section, vol. 3. Philadelphia, University museum, 1913.

---. "Some Early Amulets from Palestine." JOAS, 31 (1911): 272-81.
Naveh, Joseph and Paul Shaked. Amulets and Magic Bowls: Aramaic Incantations of Late Antiquity. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1985.

Nitzan, Bilhah. Qumran prayer and religious poetry. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1994. comment
Opitz, Dietrich. "Ausgrabungen und Forschungsreisen: Ur." AfO 8 (1932). Pp. 328-31.

Paglia, Camille. Sexual Personae: Art and Decadence from Nefertiti to Emily Dickinson. New York: Vintage, 1991.

Patai, Raphael. Adam ve-Adama [Man and Earth]. Jerusalem: The Hebrew Press Association, 1941-1942.

---. Gates to the Old City. Detroit: Wayne State Universtiy Press, 1981.

---. The Hebrew Goddess. Third Enlarged edition. New York: KTAV Publishing House, 1978. (Also: Wayne State University Press, 1990.)

Pirani, Alix, ed. The Absent Mother: Restoring the Goddess to Judaism and Christianity.

Plaskow, Judith. "The Coming of Lilith: Toward a Feminist Theology." In Womanspirit Rising: A Feminist Reader in Religion, ed. Judith Plaskow and Carol Christ. New York: Harper and Row, 1979a.

Pritchard, James B., ed. Ancient Near Eastern Texts Relating to the Old Testament. Princeton, New Jersy: Princeton Universit5y Press, 1969. P. 658.

Rappoport, Angelo S. Myth and Legend of Ancient Israel, with an Introduction and Additional Notes by Raphael Patai, 3 vols. New York: Ktav, 1966. (Reprinted: London: Senate, 1995, 2 vols; I: 77-79.)

Redgrove, Peter. The Black Goddess and the Sixth Sense. Bloomsbury, 1987. (Also Paladin, 1989.)

Ribichini, Sergio. "Lilith nell-albero Huluppu." Atti del l° Convegno Italiano sul Vicino Oriente Antico (Roma, 22-24 Aprile 1976). Orientis Antiqvi Collectio 13. Rome. Pp. 25-33.

Rigney, Barbara Hill. Lilith's Daughters: Women and Religion in Contemporary Fiction. Madison: U of Wisconsin, 1982.

Schäfer, P. "Jewish Magic in Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages." Journal of Semitic Studies 41 (1990): 75-91.

Scholem, Gershom. Kabbalah. Jerusalem, 1974.

[Spanish tr.: Grandes temas y personalidades de la Cábala, Barcelona: Riopiedras, 1994.]

---. "Lilith." In Encyclopedia Judaica. Jerusalem, 1972. Pp. 245-249.
Schrire, Theodore. Hebrew Amulets, London: Routledge & K. Paul, 1966.

Schorr, O.H. "Malachim, Shedim Umazzikim." HeXaluz, 7 (1865): 16-22. (8 (1869): 3-16) Frankfort.

Schwartz, Howard. Lillith's Cave: Jewish Tales of the Supernatural. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1989.

---. "Mermaid and Siren: The Polar Roles of Lilith and Eve in Jewish Lore". The Sagarin Review, Vol. 2, 1992, pp. 105-116.

Scot, Reginald. The Discoverie of Witchcraft. New York: Da Capo Press, 1971.
Schaafsma, Karen. "The Demon Lover: Lilith and the Hero in Modern Fantasy." Exrapolation Spring 1987 Vol. 28, No. 1.

Selbie, John A. "Lilith." In Dictionary of the Bible, ed. James Hasting and John A. Selbie. Edinborough/New York: Scribners & sons, 1909.

Starck, Marcia & Stern, Gynne. The Dark Goddess: dancing with the shadow. Freedom, CA: Crossing Press, 1993.

Stern, David and Mirsky, Mark Jay. Rabbinic Fantasies: Imaginative Narratives from Classical Hebrew Literature. Philadelphia, Jewish Publication Society, 1990. Pp. 183-184. comment

Torczyner, H. "A Hebrew Incantation against Night-Demons from Biblical Times." JNES 6 (1947). Pp. 18-29.

Trachtenberg, Joshua. Jewish Magic and Superstition: A Study of Folk Religion. New York: Atheneum, 1982. (Also: New York: Meridia Books, 1961.) Orig. published 1939.

Waite, Arthur Edward. The Holy Kabbalah : A Study Of The Secret Tradition In Israel As Unfolded By Sons Of The Doctrine For The Benefit And Consolation Of The Elect Dispersed Through The Lands And Ages Of The Greater Exile. Secaucus, N.J.: Citadel Press, 1976.

Wolkstein, Diane and Kramer, Samuel Noah. Inanna: Queen of Heaven and Earth. Harper & Row, NY, 1983.

Yassif, Eli. "Pseudo Ben Sira and the 'Wisdom Questions': Tradition in the Middle Ages." Fabula 23 (1982): 48-63.

---. Sippurey ben Sira be-yame ha Binayyim [The Tales of Ben Sira in the Middle Ages]. Jerusalem: Magnes Press, 1984.

Zoller, Israel. Lilith. Rome, 1926. (Reprinnt from Revista di Antropologia 27).
---. "Lilith." Filologische Schriften, 3 (1929): 121-42.

Fiction, Poetry and Art based on Lilith

Anthony, Piers. Incarnations of Immortality. A series of novels which include: On a Pale Horse, Bearing an Hourglass, With a Tangled Skein, Weilding a Red Sword, Being a Green Mother, For the Love of Evil, ... And Eternity. comment
Dame, Enid. Lilith and Her Demons. Merrick, NY: Cross-Cultural Communications, 1986.

Gourmont, Remy de. Lilith. Paris, 1892.

[E.t.: Heard, John, tr, Lilith, a Play. Boston: John W. Luce Co., 1945.]
Heeley, David Anthony (1971-). Lilith. First of Darkness and Light trilogy. St. Paul, MN: Llewellyn Publications, 1996.

Le Compte, Eduard. I, Eve. New York: Atheneum, 1988.

McDonald, George. Visionary Novels: Lilith, Phantasies. New York: Noonday Press, 1954.

Rossetti, Dante Gabriel. "Lilith. For a Picture", in Poems, London: Dent, Everyman's Library, 1961.

Shaw, Bernard, (1856-1950). Back to Methuselah. A metabiological pentateuch. London: Constable and company ltd., 1927.

Simpson, Elizabeth Leonie. I, Lilith. Brooklyn, N.Y.: The Smith, 1991.
Sterling, George. Lilith. 1926.

Williams, Charles (1886-1945). Descent into Hell. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1993, 1949.

movie. Blood Ties. Richard and Esther Shapiro Entertainment, Inc., 1991.

movie. Bordello of Blood. Tales from the Crypt. Universal, 1996.

various. The dybbuk of delight: an anthology of Jewish women's poetry. Nottingham: Five Leaves Publications in association with the European Jewish Publications Society, 1995. [ISBN: 0907123570]

HEBREW GODDESS by a highly respected Prof. Raphael Patai. In this book he
: brings together many of the vestiges of female-centered ancient hebrew
: traditions.
: Koltuv, Barbara Black, Ph.D. The Book of Lilith York Beach, Maine,
: Nicolas-Hays, Inc. 1986.

Fun to read and an OK introduction to Lilith. It's kind of historically
shaky and badly researched/argued in places, but if you agree with her
approach, it could be useful. Although, thankfully, she's not
antifeminist, she still takes an essentialist approach to gender,
something most Jungians seem to do. It could be useful for modern
worshippers/admirers of Lilith but isn't so useful for those interested
in more scholarly research.

: Schwartz, Howard Lilith's Cave Jewish Tales of the Supernatural New
: York, Oxford University Press, 1988.

Great selection of Jewish folkore pertaining to Lilith and related
figures, such as the Queen of Sheba or Ashmodai. I still haven't read
all of them, but the ones I have were fascinating.

: Starck, Marcia and Stern, Gynne The Dark Goddess: Dancing with the
: Shadow Freedom, California The Crossing Press, 1992.

If this is the book I'm thinking of, it's a collection of Dianic rituals
and myth. Although it's a nice change from the more cutesy "white light"
Neopagan approach, it kind of put me off because they tried to make some
sort of claim that Lilith was once part of the Triple Goddess, something
for which I've seen no evidence. I've actually half thought about buying
this book because it looked like it had some useful information/ideas,
but its shaky historical approach kind of put me off. I'm sure that if
you agree with their approach (modern interpretations, just wish they
wouldn't try to pass them off as ancient), it could be useful for
practical use.

Alix Pirani (ed.) The Absent Mother: restoring the Goddess to Judaism and
Christianity (Mandala?Harper 1991)

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